Canada Weather

The climate of an area is contingent upon where the region is geographically situated, geological and land formations which shape the area and the distance to large bodies of water. Canada weather varies greatly from one area of the country to another due to the vast differences in terrain, northern latitude and it’s many large bodies of water. In fact, Canada has more inland bodies of water water and lakes than any other country. Additionally, Canada is the second largest country in terms of overall size, beaten only by Russia and therefore encompasses many different geographical regions with their own unique climates.

Canada weather is most often associated with frigid cold temperatures, and although this is certainly applicable in the Northern Arctic regions, it does not hold true to the country as a whole.  In fact, in addition to Arctic Tundra, Canada also has regions of rainforest, prairie grassland, deciduous forest and wetlands. Therefore, it is best to first consider region when discussing Canada weather patterns.

Situated in the Arctic, or the Earth’s frigid zone, the Canadian Arctic Archipelago has the harshest Canada weather and therefore is quite sparsely populated. With permafrost preventing crop cultivation and temperatures dropping to as low as -31ºf, it is no surprise that this region of Canada is the least populated and most isolated from the rest of the country. In cases such as these it can be argued that Canada weather actually makes nation building among citizens more difficult due to geographical and climatic barriers.

In opposition to this however, is the Pacific coast region which enjoys a much different pattern of Canada weather. Warmed by the Pacific Ocean, this regions enjoys mild winters, is often quite humid and receives a great deal of precipitation. More similar to the weather patterns of the United States’ Pacific Northwest region, this area differs greatly from the aortic regions situated to its North.